Breaston in old picture postcards

Breaston in old picture postcards

:   Jean V. Crisp
:   Derbyshire
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-2462-1
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Breaston in old picture postcards'

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Breaston, the most southerly parish in the Erewash Borough, is in the county of Derby. It is 1 mile west of Long Eaton, 7 miles east of Derby and 9 miles south-west of Nottingham. In 1801 the population was 379 and by 1901 it had grown to 982. The latest census figure, taken in 1981, is 5,489. Mentioned in the Dornesday Survey of 1086 as 'Braydeston', 'Braidestune' or 'Braidestone', meaning we think Braegd's farm, Breaston is now mainly residential - a new estate is nearing completion on the west side of the vi1lage.

According to Bagshaws Gazetteer of 1846, Breaston had three inns, still part of the sociallife of the village today, two blacksmiths, three boot- and shoe-makers, eleven farmers, one baker, two grocers, two surgeons, five warpnet makers, three wheel-wrights and one carrier. In addition, there were twenty Iace machines and forty-five hosiery frames all privately owned.

The 1864 Iace factory on Longrnoor Lane, then owned by Mr. Henry Plackett senior, is still the site of industry in the village today, As the lace trade declined it was taken over by the British Dyed Jute Cornpany, then by W.H. Paul, a sheet metal goods firm and today it houses a modern printing firm. Breaston has a church, a Methodist church, a library, three public houses still named as they were in 1846, 'The Bulls Head', 'The Chequers Inn', and 'The Navigation Inn', a club, a medical centre, a site for light industry and a cornprehensive range of shops located in the centre of the village around the church and vi1lage green.

On November 9th, 1975, a memorial garden on the north side of the Green was dedicated to the memory of those who gave their lives in both wars. To celebrate the Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in 1977 a Jubilee Garden was set out

on the corner of Sawley Lane and Wilsthorpe Road.

At the time of the Dornesday Survey there was no church in Breaston. The land in the hamlet was mainly arabie and pasture. The chapel of St. Michael was built in the early thirteenth century and consisted of the nave, tower and part of the spire. Only mass was said in the chapel and all weddings, baptisms and funerals had to take place at St. Chads, Wilne, a neighbouring parish. Coffins were taken across the fields at the back of the church to Wilne. During Victorian times the stile was known as 'Deadmans Stile' and the track as 'the Corpse Way'. During this year, 1983, the 'coffin stones' along the pathway are being dug out and resited. Roads in the vi1lage were only rough tracks and the village green extended to the walls of the church. In 1290, during the reign of Edward I, what must be one of the earliest recorded road deaths took place in Breaston. William de Naylestone was run over and killed by a three horse coal cart from the pits at Morley.

Water was supplied by a few welIs and two streams that ran through the vi1lage. The watercourse that flowed down Duck Lane - now Risley Lane - was called 'The Stryne', now runs through a culvert under the road. The second stream calIed Golden Brook which crossed the village track to Draycott on the west side of the settlement can still be seen.

About the time of the Black Death in the mid-fourteenth century, several and varied alterations to the 'chapel' of St. Michael took place. The south aisle was built, the chancel extended and the stone masons left us the 'Breaston Boy'. In the fifteenth century a large altar, the east window and a piscina for the washing of the communion vessels were put in. During the middle part of the reign of Elizabeth I, Michael

Willoughby, third son of Hugh and Margaret Willoughby of Risley, purchased a manor in Breaston from the Babington family.

In 1722 a map of the parish (with Risley) shows field names, buildings, roads and woodlands. The old Manor House on Main Street is built on the foundations of what the 1722 map ealls The Hall.

In 1755 William Greaves, John Trowell, William Bannister and William Wyat were appointed in an Act of Parliament to be Commissioners for the dividing and enclosing of Breaston Cowpasture. In September 1785 there were sixteen families in Breaston owning at least one horse, thus being liable for the 'Horse Tax'. During the next hundred years, Breaston slowly changed from a purely agricultural village to one of farming and light industry , mainly lace and stocking making. At the County Assizes on 20th March 1850, William Smith, aged 20, was senteneed to be imprisoned for one month for stealing two stockings, the goods of George Enzor of Breaston township.

In 1846, a subscription list was opened for the purchase of a village fire engine. The Reverend J .H. Hall opened the list with fol0 and eventually the fire engine was purchased in London and cost fo90.

In 1805 the infIuence of John Wesley reached Breaston and the New Connexion Chapel was built in Main Street, This was demolished in the late 1950's to make way for the New Co-op. In 1852 the Primitive Methodists took over the old Quaker Chapel at the east side of the church. It is now disused for worship and is used as part ofthe Victory Club. In 1876, the present Methodist Church was built and in April of this year a restored and enlarged church is to be rededicated.

In 1857 the Reverend J .H. Hall of Risley Hall gave a piece of land measuring 620 square yards to the cast of the church to be used in perpetuity as a site for a village school. Money for the building was raised by public subscription and in 1857, one room, known as St. Michael's schoolroom, was opened, a second room being added in 1887. Girls and boys shared the infants department, but after the age of eight, boys had to attend Draycott or Risley schools. One of these boys was William Ewart Bullock, bom in 1884 in a cottage at the back of the church. The son of a railwayman, he was the first pupil to pass the London Matriculation examinatien at the Long Eaton Secondary School under the headmastership of MI. Samuel Clegg. W.E. Bulloek married a follower of Mrs. Pankhurst - a Miss Eisa Gye, and changed his name to hers. He qualified as a doctor in 1915, served in the R.A.M.C. and for research in cancer was awarded his F.R.C.P. and F.R.S. He died in Perth, Australia, in 1952 aged 68.

In the summer of 1913 a new school was opened in Sawley Lane known as Breaston County School. It was large enough to take all the children of Breaston and continued to do so until the 1930's. The village was beg inning to expand and St. Michael's had to be re-opened as a school to take two infant classes. On February 24th, 1958, Western Mere County School was opened catering for children aged 11-16. Pupils come from neighbouring parishes of Draycott and Borrowash as well as Breaston, and are entered for both G.C.E. and C.S.E. Breaston County School later re-named Firfield Primary School, now caters for children aged 5-11 years.

My thanks to the people of Breaston without whose help and photographs this book could not have been written.

1. The Ordnance Survey Map of Breaston dated 1901. Apart from an intensity of housing, the village has changed very little in one hundred years, The scale is six inches to one mile.

2. Draycott station in the parish of Breaston - one of the small stations on the London Midland and Scottish line between Derby and Nottingham. Although the station is no longer there, the line is still used. In 1857 the station master was Joseph Bramley and there were seven trains to Derby and six trains to Nottingham each way daily. The station was also busy as a coal distribution point for coal merchants. In November 1861, E. Morrell of Rai1way Wharf, The Station, Draycott supplied one ton of cobbles for Breaston Church at a cost of eleven shillings (55 p). The railway yard and surrounding area is now used as a site for light industry.

3. A winter scene taken by local photographer Claud Shephard in 1915 of Breaston Lane now re-named Draycott Road. Mr. Shephard took many of the postcard pictures of Breaston in the early twentieth century.

4. A peaceful scene at the beg inning of the 1900's. This view from Draycott Road looking towards Breaston with the church in the distance is now the busy A600S - the Nottingham to Derby Road.

5. A happy summer scene again on Draycott Road. This cottage was for many years the home of Miss Beatrice Plackett, a village dress-maker. Miss Plackett was a member of the family that at the turn of the century was Breaston. In 1841 out of a population of 712, 87 were Placketts and in 1851 Placketts numbered 98 out of a population of 680. Three John Placketts were parish clerks of Breaston from 1755 onwards followed by Robert Plackett (1851) and Edwin Plackett (1860).

6. The wedding of the year in 1904. Back row, left to right: MI. William Plackett, MI. Joseph Plackett, Mr. Lawrence Plackett, Mr. Bertram Plackett, (?) and Mr. John Cholerton. Middle row, left to right:

Annie Plackett, Louisa Kirk, Mrs. Lawrence Plackett, Edith Plackett, Mr. Joseph Plackett, Mrs. Joseph Plackett, Mr. Reuben Gregory with son Reginald on his knee, Mrs. R. Gregory and Mrs. John Cholerton. Front row, left to right: Reverend Parkinson, Mr. George Hind, Miss Beatrice Plackett, the bridegroom Mr. Charles Wilfred Plackett, his bride Miss Jessie Hind, Miss Dora Plackett and Mr. George Hind. The young boy is Lawrence Plackett.

7. A newspaper artiele entitled 'Breaston Cricketers of the Past' published about 1900 teIls of a match played in October 1858 between a team of Placketts who lived in the village and the best eleven from the rest of the village. The Placketts made 61 runs, but the village team only made 22 runs of which 21 were scored by one batsman - William Hood - a village blacksmith. In 1900, Mr. George Domleo, who lived at 'Middlestead' on Draycott Road, organised another cricket eleven - most of the players yet again being named Plackett. Back row, left to right: W.C.N. Youngman, Joe Plackett, (?), H. Plackett, Lawrence Plackett, Mark Plackett, W.E. Plackett and Reverend Parkinson. Front row, left to right: Bert Plackett, Charlie Plackett, Arnold Plackett, Vin Plackett, George Domleo, Thompson Domleo, Harold Plackett, George Plackett with two young scorers: Bernie Plackett and Clem Plackett.

8. Breaston football team. Between September 1889 and April 1890 Lawrence Plackett of Breaston played fifteen non-league games for Nottingham Forest football team. Did he help to train or go to watch the team photographed here in 1919? Back row, left to right: W. Read, V. Plackett, F. Bird, I. Stevenson, E. Hood (vice-captain), W. Burley, I. Elston. W. Shaw, J. Wilcockson, I. Hooley, A. Kent (Honorary Treasurer), P. Rose, A.W. Perks (Secretary) and I. Stevenson (senior). Front row, left to right: E. Kent, H. Elston, H. Woodward, T. Wheeldon, G. Wilmot, G.D. Fletcher, B. Plackett (captain), E. Bestwick, W. Cook, H. Merirnan and E. Johnson.

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