Chevrolet C10

Chevrolet C10

:   A.P. van Eijsden en J.W. Hofs
:   Zuid-Holland
:   Nederland
:   978-90-288-1289-5
:   128
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Chevrolet C10'

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officer had to wait years before they were finally allowed to drive a CI0.

As has been mentioned earlier the exterior of this type of Chevrolet regularly changed throughout the years. The first CIOs were still dark blue with a white roof. In 1964 the then introduced 8 point metropolitan police star appeared on the doors. Shortly afterwards the CIOs were spray-painted completely white. The 1965 model underwent small changes, such as a back up light below the re ar lights.

In 1967 Chevrolet launched a totally new version ofthe Cl O. This model, built on the same chassis, looked even bigger and more impressive than the 1962 model, because of changed bodywork outlines. Chevrolet described the model as 'the most significant cab and sheet metal styling change in Chevrolet history'. The panoramic front window had disappeared, the front indicators were incorporated in the grille, while the rear lights were long and narrow rather than triangular. The windows of the doors and the side windows were larger and offered a better view on all sides.

The 1967 model had the Chevrolet logo in the middle of the grille and the lettering 'Chevrolet' in chrome letters on the hood. On the 1969 model the Chevrolet logo had been moved ra the hood and the lettering 'Chevrolet' was put on the grille's middle bar.

In 1968 the Suburban received a second door on the right-hand side. The arrangement ofthe windows on the left-hand si de had also been adjusted. Despite the absence of a second door on the ie ft-hand side, that side had been made as similar as possible to the right-hand side which did have the second door. In 1971 the Cl 0 underwent yet another small outward change. The grille was given the shape of a french fry cutter with 5 horizontal and 15 vertical blades with the Chevrolet logo in the center.

From 1972 onwards the small blue revolving lamp was replaced by a big round American one of the TrippLite brand. Same agents appropriately nicknamed this remarkable, yet highly functional, attribute the 'soup pan'. Later, however, in the Cl 0 models taken into use after 1 978 this large revolving lamp was again replaced by two smaller blue electronic flashers, which had been installed on other police vehicles in that time. This relatively small alteration caused a remarkable change in the Cl O's appearance.

In 1973 the base model was changed radically. The curve in the sheet metal work on either side was lowered and was als 0 somewhat more pronounced. On the front si de the headlights were moved somewhat more to the back in relation to the grille and the contour of the windows was more rounded than on previous models. The long narrow rear lights were replaced by square ones which were installed on the corners of the doorframes and on the metal work of the re ar screens. The front indicators on this

model were placed below the somewhat smaller headlights.

The most striking change was the existence of two doors on both sides. The left door behind the driver has always remained closed off on the Rotterdam CIOs, because a spare seat was located behind it. Less visible was the changed sus pension, in which the spi ral spring was replaced by ie af springs.

Two boxes were installed lengthwise in the Cl O. These boxes, which could be closed with a flap, offered space for different materials and tools, such as a broom, a shovel, a crowbar, an emergency kit, etc. On these boxes persons (detainees) were also transported, something which would not be possible today with the present health regulations and car safety inspeetion requirements. Af ter the 3 door and the 4-door version of the Suburban had come out these lengthwise boxes were shortened. Behind the driver's seat a separate seat was put sideways on a box in which, amongst other things, the emergency kit was kept. The spare tire was installed behind the passenger's seat. The back of the Cl 0 offered space for the transportation of found bikes or confiscated mopeds. These could be loaded through the two large folding back doors and, if necessary, with the help of a ramp which was carried along.

At the end of the seventies the CIOs received stainless steel plates on the roof above the windows furthest to the back.

These were the attachment clamps for the Pogo installations. Although the CIOs were equipped with a sound system, this proved inadequate during calamities. For this reason the force acquired some large, detachable loudspeaker installations, which could be attached to and on top of the CIOs if necessary. Although - fortunately - the Pogo installations only had to be used sporadically, all CIOs were standardly equipped with the attachment clamps.

The Successor

The eighties caused a lot of change within the police organization. Not only was a new police uniform introduced, but in 1982 the force's command decided that the Cl 0 era in Rotterdam was over. Admittedly, it was true that the Cl 0 was still an impressive development, but it was not very manageable due to its size. Another, possibly more important, reason was its price. The continuously rising dollar exchange rate did not exactly make the Cl 0 a cheap vehicle when purchased or maintained. The police were on the look out for a smaller, and more importantly, cheaper vehicle.

The Volkswagen Transporter was eventually decided upon. This vehicle had already been in use with the force since the fifties in different models and for different purposes. Two prototypes were built by the force's own auto rep air shops. The then second precinct (the N or th office) was the lucky one to test these prototypes. The occasion for

this choice was the fact that three of the precinct's CIOs had to be taken away with damage within a short time of each other. Outwardly the prototypes were equipped as much as possible like the CIOs. On the inside one sideways bench replaced the lengthwise benches with a toolbox behind it. The larger interior standing height also provided the possibility of installing a folding table. Externally the prototypes maintained the blue flashers next to each other and the spotlight in front, which had been so characteristic of later editions of the Cl O. The trial Transporters where completely white with a small metropolitan police logo in the middle on either side. The transparent stop sign in front was new; it was written in mirror writing in order to be able to give a stop signal also to a car driving in front of a surveillance vehicle. The stop sign on the back, which the Cl 0 also used to be equipped with, was maintained. The loudspeaker / siren, which used to be placed under the enormous hood of the Cl 0, moved back to the roof again.

The replacement of the famous Cl 0 by Volkswagen vans was cause for unrest and dissatisfaction within the force. It took a lot of effort by the force's command to convince its offîcers of the fact that the Volkswagen Transporter was safe in collisions or accidents. Besides, the first vans were, especially when compared to the CIOs, hopelessly 'underpowered' . The unsatisfactory acceleration and the limited top speed were hardly a motivation for the change from the famous Cl 0 to the more conventional vans. However,

the choice was made in an era of cutbacks and after a lengthy trial period, which was accompanied by many technical problems, the gradual transition to the Volkswagen Transporter as assistance surveillance vehicle followed along with the departure of the Chevrolet Cl O. The last Cl 0 disappeared from the Rotterdam streets in 1986. Because the completely white Volkswagens were hardly noticeable in the traffic, something one did not have any complaints about with the imposing Cl 0, it was decided to provide the Volkswagen vans with green striping. This decision was also intended to give the police vehicles a Rotterdam image. The trial period also resulted in the blue revolving lamps being moved to the front left and the re ar right on the roof, later being on ce again changed to front right and re ar left. Also a blue flash er was put on the front and a larger edition of the metropolitan police star was put on both front doors. Later models also received a stronger engine. In this model, now provided with the late st national police striping with red/blue bars and a new police logo, a great number of these Volkswagen Transporters are still in service within the regional Rotterdam-Rijnmond police, into which the Rotterdam metropolitan police was absorbed in 1994.

For emergency surveillance, which is wh at assistance surveillance is called nowadays, also different models of the Volkswagen and Mercedes- Benz brand are in use at the moment.

Not complete1y out of sight

The famous Chevrolet has not completely disappeared from the (Rotterdam) force.The Rotterdam-Rijnmond police force has a Mobile Unit (riot police) at its disposal. A support group, OG for short, is part of this. This OG is a lighter form of the Mobile Unit and consists of smaller teams, which are readily and quickly available. Instead of the bigger and heavier Mercedes-Benz personnel carrier, the OG uses smaller and quicker vehicles, the Chevrolet Scottsdale Kl O. This is a four-wheel drive version ofthe known Chevrolet-Custom series. They are spray-painted metallic dark blue and provided with extra protection

( e. g. a frame with metal wire in front of the front window) . Four of these vehicles were put into use by the Rotterdam-Rijnmond regional police in 1980.

In 1 988 and 1989 these were replaced by newer models with -yet again- a changed grille with a transparent stop sign attached to the front. These KlOs have a 'regular' bench which is placed sideways behind both the front seats and thus offer space to a maximum of 5 persons. The back provides space for extra equipment and -ifnecessary- for a service dog. These latest Chevrolets are expected to also be taken out of circulation in the near future (possibly after the European Championships 2000).Whether they will be replaced by new

Chevrolets or whether that era at the Rotterdam-Rijnmond police will be concluded for good is yet to be decided. One of the last remaining Chevrolet CIOs was saved from

the scrap yard and handed over to the Information Office of the police at the time. This Cl 0 was stored in a shed at the Boezembocht and was used for television productions and film shootings several times. After the Cl 0 had been totally restored by the pupils of the Youth Detention Center in Zutphen this vehicle was placed on permanent display at the Police gallery at the hall of the Witte de Withstraat police office. There, for many years, this Cl 0 has been the symbol of some 20 years of progressive mobility of the Rotterdam force.


For that matter the Rotterdam police was not the only force in the Netherlands which made use of these Chevrolet surveillance cars. In 1972 the metropolitan police of the neighboring community Ridderkerk also acquired such a vehicle. This Cl 0 was supplied by the Rotterdam police and was therefore identical to the many specimens servicing the city on the Maas.

In the sixties the Arnhem police also had a number of Chevrolet CIOs. The force acquired three CIOs in total. Two of them were used by the Traffîc Service and were white in color. A light blue Cl 0 was taken into use for the transportation of all sorts of materials, such as fences and sometimes even bodies.The two white CIOs were already taken out of circulation af ter a few years, the transportation vehicle remained in service until 1 967. The Arnhem CIOs had manual transmissions, which did not suffice.

The metropolitan police of Nijmegen brought two Chevrolet CIOs into use in 1 978 for the escorting of soccer supporters amongst other things. The windows therefore had extra protection by means of metal wire. These vehides were spray-painted white and had a roof set.

In 1980 the Zoetermeer metropolitan police put two CIOs into use. These vehides were also white, but they had large reflecting red patches on the sides and the hood. These large vehides received a small blue revolving lamp in order for them to be also used in the many parking ramps of this community.

The Chevrolet Cl 0 was also used by different emergency services in the Netherlands. Particularly in Amsterdam a great many (some 30 vehides) were driving around as ambulances during the sixties and the seventies. However, many other emergency services throughout the country also used the custom-built Chevrolet Cl 0 ambulances. The fire brigades in the Netherlands, on the other hand, would choose similar vehides on GMC or Dodge chassis. In 1981 the fire brigade of the Uithuizermeeden force of the then Hefshuizen council (nowadays Eemsmond council) took over a 1969 Cl 0 ambulance converted into an assistance vehide.

The Heerenveen metropolitan fire brigade used a Chevrolet Suburban as a rapid emergency vehide from 1981 until 1997, while the Inspection for the Fire Brigade Sys-

tem had a Chevrolet KIO Suburban in service, which functioned as the emergency vehide for the HazMat department.

3 De eerste naoorlogse voertuigen waren Willysjeeps, afkomstig uit legerdumpvoorraden. Deze oerdegelijke maar primitieve voertuigen boden slechts door een linnen kap en een zeiltje aan weerszijden bescherming tegen de weersinvloeden. Op de voorbumper werden naderhand twee stootbalken aangebracht, waarmee defect geraakte voertuigen uit onder andere de Maastunnel konden worden opgeduwd.

The first postwar vehicles were Willys jeeps, originating from army surplus stores. These very sturdy, yet primitive, vehicles only offered protection against the weather by means of a canvas cab and a flap on

both sides. Two collision bars were eventually added to the front bumper, in order ra push cars that had broken down in the Maas tunnel, amongst other places.

4 Poserend voor de eerste Willys Overland van de Radio Surveillance Brigade, van links naar rechts brigadier Broek, inspecteur (later plaatsvervangend hoofdcommissaris) Fonkert en brigadier Maring.

From left to right, Sergeant Bock, Inspector Fonkert (later Deputy Superintendent) , and Sergeant Maring, posing in front of the Radio Surveillance Brigade's first Willys Overland.

5 In 1 95 1 werden voor de nieuw opgerichte Radio Surveillance Brigade zeven Willys Overlandjeeps aangeschaft. Met deze auto's werd begonnen met wat we nu de assistentie-surveillance noemen. Het waren degelijke, maar sobere voertuigen. Let op de van binnenuit bedienbare schijnwerper op de linkerdeurstijl.

In 1951 the newly established Radio Surveillance Brigade acquired seven Willys Overland Jeeps. The team now called the assistance surveillance started with these cars. They were reliable, yet sober vehicles. N ote the spotlight on the left doorpost which could be operated from the inside.

6 Een staatsiefoto van een Ford F 1 00 radio-surveillanceauto uit 1955. Let op de ouderwetse sirene op de voorbumper.

Blauwe zwaailampen en tweetonige hoorns werden pas bij een wetswijziging in 1 956 verplicht gesteld.

An official portrait of a 1955 Ford F 1 00 radio surveillance car. Note the oldfashioned siren on the front bumper. Blue flash ers and dual-tone air horns only became mandatory after an amendment of the law in 1956.

7 Een Ford F1 00 van de RSB en een motor met zijspan (BMW) ter gelegenheid van een tentoonstelling over het functioneren van de Radio Surveillance Brigade en de centrale meldkamer omstreeks 1955. Het alarmnummer van de gemeentepolitie Rotterdam in die dagen was 94.

An RSB Ford F100 and a (BMW) motorcyde with sidecar on display on the occasion of an exhibition on the functioning of the Radio Surveillance Brigade and the Central Radio Room around 1 955. The Rotterdam metropolitan police's emergency number at the time was 94.

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