Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)

Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)

:   K.J.J. Waldeck, M.D., Ph.D.
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-2043-2
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)'

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29 Buick 700 limited (1958) of the private Ziekenvervoer R.van de BeId & Zoon, Heerde. It was not until 1 965 that Visser Bros. transformed this vehicle into an ambulance. The family-owned company Van de BeId originally used this vehicle as a wedding car, which was not uncommon for ambulances. Only three Buicks of this type have been sold in the Netherlands. Two of those were later fitted up as ambulance by Visser Bros .. One of these two burnt out completely in Leeuwarden. In 1958 the first blue flashing lights made their appearance on the ambulances.

30 Studebaker (1958) ofthe Municipal Health Service (GGD) of Nijmegen, built by Vermeulen, Haarlem. On this photograph the ambulance sniffs first the seawind in the dunes near Haarlem before it went to Nijmegen. This ambulance still has the transparent Red Cross beneath the blue flashing light. In many of the cases it is a red cross on a white surface. The use of that cross was not always legal as the red cross is only reserved for the Red Cross and thus only apt for ambulances of that same Red Cross. A white cross on a blue surface was not an uncommon view at that time. This cross originated in the association Het Witte Kruis (the White Cross) in North-Holland. This home-

care association merged in the Groene Kruis (Green Cross). Until 1938 the White Cross had a committee, existing of doctors, who examined ambulances. If the ambulances passed the test they were al-

lowed to transport members of the White Cross. The relation between the private ambulance service Ziekendienst Het Witte Kruis in The Hague and the association is not clear.

31 Cadillac series 60/62 (1959) oftheMunicipal Health Service (GGD) of Heerlen, presumably built by Akkermans, Oud Gastel. Next to the Cadillac stands a 1964 International Travelall, built by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. The ambulance service of Heerlen had always been far ahead of its time. In the years when Jan ten Have was wardmaster and Balvert superintendent, nothing was a matter of course. Everything was researched seriously and creatively. New ideas that had been created were tried out. This picture shows the extraordinary American flashlights of aeroplanes. Even more particular is the rare extended roof of the American International. In Heerlen the first Cardulances were tried

out in 1971 and 1972 (in association with Utrecht and Nijmegen). Officially the experiment failed, but as aresult all the ambulances were fitted with coronary care units. At that time it was already possi-

ble to transmit wireless cardiac films to the cardiologist in the De Wever Hospital.

32 Volkswagen Minivan-ambulance (1961). Pon' s Automobielhandel, Amersfoort imported these ambulances directly from West -Germany. These ambulances were solid, but in fact not suited as an ambulance.Yet, many were in Dutch service, as well for civilian purposes as for the Ministry of Defence, by the RoyalAirforce with an extended roof. Many Volkswagens lost the side footboards because the step had not been pushed back and therefore was driven off.

33 Mercedes-Benz 3üüD (1961) of the private ambu1ance service Verenigd Ziekenvervoer Amsterdam (VZA), built by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. This car was unique of its kind. Within VZA it was called "The Golden Carriage' and was treated in such way. Only one driver was allowed to drive this ambulance. This vehicle was not used for every day work and was covered with a plastic dustsheet when not used.

34 Chevrolet Brookwood (1963) ofthe private firm Meeuwenoord & Zoon, Noordwijkerhout and built by Huiskamp, Winterswijk. This photo has been taken in 1973 in one of the crossroads of the Rijnsburgerweg near the former main entrance of the University HospitalofLeiden (AZL). It is not known whether or not this ambulance had been used by another ambulance service before entering service at Meeuwenoord. After ten years this vehicle stilllooked as good as new.

35 Chevrolet Apache 1 0 (ap prox.1963) ofthe Municipal Health Service (GGD) of Haarlem, built by Vermeulen, Haarlem. Chevrolets of this type were in service by mainly municipal services for about ten years. Not only Vermeulen built ambulances on these Chevrolet chassis. Also Visser Bros. from Leeuwarden and Versteegen from 's-Hertogenbosch built on these chassis.

36 Opel-Kapitän (1963) of the St.]oseph Hospital, Heerlen, built by Miesen, Bonn (then: West-Germany) and delivered by NEDAM, Roermond. The importer's leaflet mentions that this 'technical miracle' (1962), 'the OpelKapitän ambulance car, of which already thousands are driving in- and outside Eurape, is by far the most suitable vehicle to transport the seriously ill and injured' . A little bit further down you can read that 'the inner-raam ofthe Kapitän offers place for two patients, it can be called spacious. Sa spacious, that even medical attention can be given during the journey to the hospital.' NEDAM recommended themselves as 'the

only firm in the Netherlands with the disposal of an exhibition ambulancecar'. Miesen on the other hand obliged NEDAM always to have one car in stock. Within three years an odd 30 were sold.

37 Top: Ford Transit FK 1000 (1963) ofthe FirstAid Service (Eerste Hulpdienst, EHD) of the Municipal Health Service (GGD) afleiden, fitted up as ambulance by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. This picture has been taken on the grounds of the fire station at Langebrug. Attendants had to participate in the 24-hours shift of the firemen as the drivers of the ambulances were firemen. They were used to drive large fire engines, which did not have power-assisted steering. The attendants were not always in for aride with same of the firemen who had been posted on this FK 1000. Sometimes the attendants would sit in the back as the front of the vehicle is extremely close to their legs.

Under: Ford Transit FK 1000 (1963). Unbelievable but true: two patients could lie on a stretcher in these little Fords. Hardly any monitoring or treatment could take place. The only place to sit in such a case was in the chair next to the patients. A similar Ford was later sold to the first aid association in HazerswoudeRijndijk. There the Ford has served as an ambulance for another many years.

38 Commer (1964-1972) of the Municipal Health Service (GGD) of The Hague, delivered by car companyTen Hoeve, The Hague. After the Cadillac-ambulance era it was a huge step back to these Commers. They resembIe the Ford FK 1 OOOs and the Austin A 152. In the leaflet stood 'These ambulances provide the comfort of a pass enger car because of the independent front suspension system, the spacious cabin fitted for three persons, the easy to operate gear-lever, and a comprehensive set of instruments.' Nev-


theless, many dangerous situations were created with these ambulances. They were not very stable, Even an fatal acci-

dent had occurred. At several ambulance services they were in great favour, probably because of the price tag. The private ambulance service VZA, Amsterdam also used these Commers.

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