Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)

Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)

:   K.J.J. Waldeck, M.D., Ph.D.
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-2043-2
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)'

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49 OpelKapitän (1967) imported from West Germany

by NEDAM, Roermond. Especially many ambulance services and hospitals, which provided the transportation of the seriously ill and injured, used these OpeIs frequently. The search light on the left,

above the windscreen was a standard feature on ambulances.

SO ChevroletC/10 (19671968) ofthe private ambulance service Grave from Grave, built by Versteegen, 's-Hertogenbosch. Ambulances built on Chevrolet chassis were very popular in those years. Versteegen did not only build large backdoors in the ambulances, but also built similar windows in the sides and in the backdoors. The spare tyre had been placed in a compartment behind the front door on the left.VVhen you look through the window of the ambulance you can see the oxygen apparatus and the respirator balloon. These two features were the first signs of the introduction of immediate emergency treatment in the transportation of the seriously ill and injured.


SI Peugeot]7 (1967-1968) of the First Aid Service (EHD) of the Municipal Health Service (GGD) ofLeiden, fitted up as ambulance by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. This picture has been taken in the court yard of the fire department at Langebrug. These Peugeots replaced the Ford FKI 000, which had been used for many years. In these years the EHD only provided the emergency transportation in the region of Leiden. The EHD wanted to have an ambulance in which real emergency treatment would be possible. By replacing the old Fords, the EHD anticipated to the Ambulance service act (Wet Ambulancevervoer). The spacious workrooms in the Peugeots realised the emergency treatment. The Peugeots also gained some popularity in the Netherlands after their success in France as an ambu-

lance for emergency transportation and emergency treatment.

It was pos si bIe to bring the stretcher up to a height so that on the left, on the right, and at the head-end of a patient treatment could be

given. The second stretcher had been placed in the ambulance as required by law; though its function was merely as an emergency stretcher. The chest of drawers on the left side contained a wooden Verhees scoop-

stretcher that was replaced by an aluminium one made by Ferno- Washington. Besides the blue flashing lights, these ambulances were also fitted with and an extensible yellow hazard flasher on the back.

52 Chevrolet Biscayn (1968) of the private ambulance service Ziekendienst Het Witte Kruis B.V., The Hague. This picture has been taken in front of the outpatient depart ment of the municipal Leyenburg Hospital. Het Witte

Kruis did not take part at that time in the transportation of the seriously ill and injured or the emergency transportation. The company fitted up American estate cars for the transportation of the ill themselves. These cars came from the RIVA (General Motors dealer) in The Hague. These ambulances were more or less the precursors of the auxiliary ambulances or recumbent taxis with which the company had been allowed officially to experiment with same twenty-five years later.

S3 Left: Chevrolet Malibu (1968) of car company Felman from Hellevoetsluis and built by Akkermans, Oud Gastel. The original car had only been provided with an extended roof Even the lid of the boot with the revolving window had not been adjusted. The patient could assume a sitting posture, but when

the patient was shoved in or out he had to draw in his head (right picture).

S4 Mercedes-Benz 230-lang (1968) ofthe private ambulance service De Jong Bros., from Leiden, built by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. At the beginning the Chevrolet ambulance was in great demand during the two generations of De Jong as well in Leiden as

in The Hague. These two companies on the other hand became loyal Mercedes-Benz users. In 1966 Dijkstra, surgeon in Woerden, made clear that a patient had to be transported between the axles of the wheels. The brochures of the extended versions of this Mercedes-Benz and of the Opel-Kapitän made reference to this aspect. By hook or by crook a patient could be transported between the axles (the stretcher had to be shoved in all the way up to the partition-wall). This was not possible of course.

SS Plymouth Suburban (1968) ofthe private ambulance service A.Niemansverdriet from Spijkenisse, built by Akkermans, Oud Gastel. This Plymouth was a unique vehicle with a distinguishing exterior.

S6 Mercedes-Benz 408 (1968-1969) of the Central Board of the Dutch Red Cross (NRK), fitted up as ambulance by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. The NRK had more Mercedes ambulances like

this one. These were brought into action as motorway ambulances, a special project of the NRK, started in 1966 by demand of the General Traffic Service (Algemene Verkeersdienst). Not only these Mercedes were bought or donated to the NRK, but also additional training was given to many of the hundreds of Red Cross volunteers. A maximum of two patients on a stretcher could be transported in this ambulance. There were several ambulance-stands. The ambulance-stand on the picture is

in the vicinity of the na more existing Shell-petrol station at Gouwebrug (Gouda), near national highway 12. These ambulances were only used during risk-bearing weekends and public holidays.

S7 ChevroletC/10 (1969) of the Municipal Health Service of Amsterdam and presumably built by Akkermans, Oud Gastel. The municipal service of Amsterdam used to have tens of similar ambulances as part of its fleet. These vehides replaced the Citroën HY. These Citroëns had replaced the incomparable Cadillacs. This picture has been taken on the grounds of the University Hospital afleiden (AZL) in front of the paediatric cardiology, opposite the dass pavilion of internal medicine.

58 Mercedes-Benz 22üDlang (1969) oftheprivate ambulance service De Jong Bros. from Leiden, built by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. The colour of the ambulance was mainly grey and had a green band, what was a characteristic feature for the company.

In the roof were the so-called mountain windows (bergramen ). These windows especially occurred in coaches so that the passengers were able to look through the window and enjoy the mountainous scenery. The windows in the ambulances had the same purpose. These ambulances were especially used to transport patients who had been hospitalised in the University HospitalofLeiden (AZL) and to make outings with chronically sick patients as if it was a coach.

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