Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)

Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)

:   K.J.J. Waldeck, M.D., Ph.D.
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-2043-2
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Dutch ambulances (1945-1975)'

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69 Chevrolet Impala (1973) of the private ambulance service Ziekendienst Het Witte Kruis from The Hague, built by Akkermans, Oud Gastel. With this Impala Het Witte Kruis was bound to become a well-noted ambulance service, here photographed in front of the First Aid entrance of the Red Cross Hospital in The Hague located at Sportlaan. But for an equal place within the ambulance and emergency services in The Hague years of struggle with the Municipal Health Service (GGD) were to be followed. The repatriation transport of the Tourist Organisation ANWB (the DutchAA) provided an important impulse for the professionalization

and the aim of a worthy place for this ambulance service in the region of The Hague.

70 Dodge B200Tradesman (1974). After theAmbulance Service Act came into force (197 1) and more attention was given to the real needs of the patient who needed immediate emergency attention, ambulances were presented on the chassis of a Dodge B200Tradesman by car companyTen Hoeve from The Hague. Ten Hoeve was also

the company who introduced the Commers in 1960. As well Akkermans from Oud Gastel (top) as Visser Bros. (bottom) from Leeuwarden were invited to fit up these ambulances. Akkermans did sa by extending the roof across the whole length of the vehicle, and by putting in a split door, which opened to the side in order to access the cabin. Visser Bros. placed an extended roof made of synthetics with on the front a kind of terrace for the flashing lights. In order to ac-

cess the cabin they placed a sliding door. The Municipal Health Service (GGD) of Amsterdam saw the Dodge as the replacement of their fleet of Chevrolets Cl 1 0, but the newcomer became a no-go when up to three times in action the Dodge fell on its side.

71 HanomagF20 (1974)of the Municipal Health Service (GGD) of Rotterdam, built by Akkermans, Oud Gastel. The headline of the artide in the newspaper NRC (Nieuwe Rotterdamse Courant of lanuary 24th, 1974) said thatthe GGD tried out their new ambulances. The GGD of Rotterdam had been allowed to put three of these new ambulances to the test. They were built on the van-chassis and fitted with the so-called 'vleugelbrancard' (anti-vibration and anti -shock floating stretcher). Ambulance services wanted a more spacious cabin, which could only be built on these chassis. The suspension of these vans on the other hand was stiff and not really suited

to transport patients. At the University (formerTechnische Hogeschool) of Delft the 'vleugelbrancard' had been developed. This stretcher was able to absorb the shocks and vibrations. These stretch-

ers therefore eliminated most of the prablems for using a delivery van frame. The 'vleugelbrancard' had been designed by Laura ViCo Vibration Contral, a company that emerged from the former

coal mine Laura and with the exploitation of new activities tried to limit the Ioss of jobs in the mining sector in Limburg.

72 Volkswagen Minivan (1974). Presented by Volkswagen at the car show Personenwagen-RAl of 1974 in Amsterdam, built by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. An old design resulted in a new ambulance. A synthetic, extended roof had to increase the working-space. The sliding door made access to the patientaccommodation easier. The patient not only stilllay above the rear axle, but also above the engine, which is a normal feature of Volkswagen. Neither the previous ambulance, the Hanomag, nor this Volkswagen would survive in the Netherlands as an ambulance.

73 Opel Admiral Bonna (1974), built by Miesen, Bann (formerWest Germany) and delivered by NEDAM, Roermond. On the picture this ambulance stands at the car show Personenauto-RAl of 1974 in Amsterdam. Even though a few had been sold to same services, it never had the success of its rival from Mercedes-Benz. Opel tried it again a few years later with a Senator (1980s) and after that an Omega (1990s).

74 Peugeot]7 (1974) ofthe local council Hazerswoude, built by Visser Bros., Leeuwarden. This ambulance was run by the first aid association of the village and was the replacement of a second-hand FordFK1000 ofthe first aid association The Orange Cross (Het Oranje Kruis) of the Municipal Health Service of Leiden. lt was one of the first real emergency ambulances in the Netherlands. The first aid association and the author of this book had been allowed to develop this ambulance. An extensive program had been developed with detailed designs of the interior as well for the exterior. The experiences of the Peugeots from Leiden were thankfully used. Even a few ideas of the Spoedambulance, which had been designed at the University (formerTechnische Hogeschool) of Delft, were used.

This ambulance had been fitted with the floating Laurastretcher and a revised dentist's chair so that people who fell faint could be placed in a recumbent position as soon as pos si bIe. In later years blue flash ers would be placed in the front. This ambulance was

presented by Visser Bros. in 1974 at the car show Personenauto-RAl in Amsterdam. The ambulance was presented again at the first resuscitation day of the VVAA (Dutch Association of Physicians) in the Jaarbeursgebouw; Utrecht. The wife of the author made

the first unofficial ride in this ambulance, when she had to give birth to their first daughter.

75 Mercedes-Benz 230 Binz Europ Lang (1975). Up to this day in the Netherlands the extended Mercedes-Benz pass enger car chassis and the Chevrolet-van chassis are the most popular frames to built ambulances on. Every coachbuilder, as well inside as outside the Netherlands, has successfully realised its own design.

With thanks to Mrs.E.Waldeck- Koster, Ir.J.P.Koster, Henri Geurts, Thijs Gras, Jan ten Have, Ruud de Jong, and Bert Visser.

Much attention has been given to the accuracy of the information. Nevertheless, mistakes or inaccuracies ean occur in the texts. Corrections or additions are extremely appreciated and can be sent to K.J.J.Waldeck, M.D., Ph.D., 'de ijsvogel', Commissieweg 1,7957 NC de Wijk, the Netherlands.Telephone ++.31 522.443.019, fax ++ 31 522.443.064, e-mail: kwaldeck@worldonline.nl

U sed sources:

Gras, Th. 'Met zorg op weg' Verenigd Ziekenvervoer Amsterdam 1957-1997. Een eeuw particulierziekenvervoer in Amsterdam. Amsterdam: HHS Uitgeverij, 1997.

Hoving, P.G. 'Nederlandse ambulances 1908-1970' De Ambulance Nijmegen, 1982.

Hoving, P.G.' 17 5 Jaar CarrosserieAkkermans' De Ambulance 7(1986):4 (21-25). Keuzenkamp, J.H. 'Gemeentewapens in Nederland 1914-1989 naar het officiƫle register van de Hoge Raad vanAdel'The Hague: VNG-Uitgeverij, 1989.

Smit, WB. 'Organisatie en werkwijze van de ongevallendienst te Haarlem' Het Reddingwezen40(1951):2 (35-36).

Vanderveen, Bart H. 'Arnerican Cars of the 1940s' London:Frederick Warne & Co Ltd (Olyslager Auto Library), 1972.

Vanderveen, Bart H. 'Arnerican Cars of the 195 Os' London:Frederick Warne & CoUd (OlyslagerAutoLibrary),1973.

Vanderveen, Bart H. 'British Cars of the Early Fifties 1950-1954' London: FrederickWarne & Co Ltd (Olyslager Auto Library), 1975. Zuijlen, Rob van. 'Van handkar naar ambulance' Purmerend, 1996.

Several brochures and product information leaflets from bodywork companies and importers.

Several volumes ofthe magazine 'De Ambulance' (1979-1993), and 'Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Spoedeisende medische hulpverlening en Rarnpengeneeskunde' (Dutch Journal of Emergency Services and Disaster Medicine) (1994+). Several memorial volumes of hospitals.

The National First Aid and Ambulance museum

The National FirstAid andAmbulance Museum is located at De Papierbaan in Winschoten in one of the buildings of car company De Grooth (importer of American (Superior) and German (Binz) ambulances and provides the (private) ambulance service for the region of Winschoten in addition. The collection is part of a foundation (1988), but is the continuation of the private collection of C.A.E.Volckmann, M.D., who used to work for the Municipal Health Service of Groningen. The objective of the museum is to preserve and to document, and to make access to the material easier for researchers and the public. You can look at the material that had been used and is still being used in the first aid and ambulance services. The museum has thirteen ambulances as part of their collection of which regrettable a few are still in a deposit. You can visit the museum daily by request from 9am till4prn. (telephone ++31.597.422.000.

The Dutch Ambulance Archives

Four people founded this archives in the spring of 1998. The objective ofthis initiative is to make an inventory of everything that has a recollection with ambulances and the care for them, and if necessary to preserve the material. Thereby the initiators want to stimulate the historical research or do the research themselves.At present a probe has been set up into all ambulance services, which have existed in the Netherlands (Thijs Gras) and all ambulances cars that have ever been on the road in Holland (Hans Waldeck) . This initiative has sought affiliation with the stocktaking of medical-historical research in the Netherlands by the Huizinga Institute, Amsterdam, and the Rudolf-Agricola Institute.

Reactions and information are welcomed by the initiators:

Henri Geurts, P.O.Box 72, 5430AB Cuyk, the Netherlands. Tel/Fax:++.31.485.321.708.

Thijs Gras, Van Walbeeckstraat 251, 1058 CG Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Tel.++.31.20.6166.347 - E-mail: t.gras@hetnet.nl

Piet Hoving, c/o HHS Uitgeverij, P.O.Box ISO, 5360AD Grave, the Netherlands. HansWaldeck, 'de ijsvogel', Commissieweg I, 7957 NC de Wijk, the Netherlands.Tel.++.31.522.443.019, Fax.++.31.522.443.064.

E-mail: kwaldeck@worldonline.nl

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