Peacehaven in old picture postcards

Peacehaven in old picture postcards

:   A.S. Payne and Eddie Scott
:   Sussex, East
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-4542-8
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Peacehaven in old picture postcards'

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48. Peacehaven has the partieular distinetion ofbeing astride the line of the Prime Meridian of Greenwich - the international date line, where it leaves the eoast. In the formative years of which we write an early settler and pioneer, Commander Davenport R.N., having established the position, eaused to be ereeted the first Meridian monument, and announcing that funds were to be raised from loeal subseriptions and eompany support for the ereetion of a proper memorial (see picture 49). The gentleman with the bicycle is the photographer from Newhaven, J.J. Hill, whose work is very well-known in the loeality.

49. It was in 1936 that the unveiling of the Prime Meridian monument on Peacehaven's Promenade took place. It was a memorable day in Peacehaven's history when the obelisk, erected by the efforts of Peacehaven people, as a memorial to the late King George V, and marking Peacehaven's position on the Prime Meridian date line, was unveiled. A large group of notabIe personages attended the ceremony, and MT. Charles Neville himself unveiled the obelisk. Arnong the eminent people present were the royal astronomer, local councillors and dignitories, and the Meridian Queen chosen for the occasion, Miss Daphne Poplett. The memorial itself is built of white stone, on a base of york stone. Standing 20' high, on the top there is a copper sphere, with a bronze rod pointing to the north star. The rod (at midday) casts a shadow across the Meridian line. On two sides there are plaques, one inscribed with the distances to the various capitals of the 'British Empire', the other reminding us that it is to the memory of King George V.

50. The Telscombe Cliffs Estate was started some years before Peacehaven, and the Cavendish Land Company had a novel way of getting to the beach. They contrived to construct a spiral staircase, corkscrew fashion driven through the chalk to the base of the cliff. This very fine view shows the exit, and standing inside can be seen a local Telscombe resident, 'Shrimper' . A more conventional set of steps can be seen on the left, but coast erosion took its toll, and all traces have now gone. The structure was at the end of Central Avenue.

51. The cliffs between Newhaven in the east, and Brighton in the west, have many gaps orfissures, giving access to the beach. In earlier days these gaps were frequented by smugglers trying to beat the Coast Blockade, taking their goods etc., through to the back of Peacehaven, and over to Lewes and on to Londen, Brighton etc. One such gap was the Bears Hide, situated at the bottom of today's Steyning Avenue. Here we see the concrete steps, and the bastion, which were constructed together with the pool mentioned earlier. Befere the Peacehaven Estate was commenced, the only other aceess to the beach was at Telscombe Cliffs (see picture No. 50). We are unsure as to why this part of the coast was called 'Bears Hide', From the 'Old English' we learn that 'hide' in this context refers to a rough landing place and this could weil fit the bill.

52. This montage shows weil the steps to the beach, the platform and the bathing pool. The pool was filled and flushed by the tide, ensuring a clean supply of water for the bathers at all times. Modern pollution of course, had yet to appear. There were a number of beach caves nearby, countless rock pools etc. Alas, there was not any sand. Today there is no pool, but the steps remain. The Coast Defence Works have provided a fine marine undercliff walk, and a sun bathers paradise.

::,..--- _:.e:.--..__.::--'---

. .<nother new Estate Showing the P

ffi.ce (Eastern Division) ? cehavenĀ· Patrol

53. Once the First World War was over, the estate grew rapidly, as we have seen. From a few acres the town and estates grew, until they covered the coast from Rottingdean to Saltdean, and from Peacehaven to Newhaven, including the River Valley Estate, and over the hili reaching the banks of the Ouse at Piddinghoe. The Estate Offices sprang up everywhere, north, south, east and west. This is one of the eastern offices, known as 'Peter Pan', which doubled as the Nursery and Garden Centre for the company. Seen in this illustration are the two members of the 'Peacehaven Patrol' , amounting in a way to a private police force. They were Messrs. Davies and Baker, and their job was to go round the estate, moving on vagabonds, tramps etc., and generally keeping an eye on the many building works in progress.

54. This was the first building erected by the Company, - simply known for many years as 'The Rosemary', it knew many guises. It was firstly a builders hut - it was a tearoom, it was an estate office, public hall, a dairy, but more important it was a central part of Peacehaven sociallife. On one of the inside walls there used to be a plaque which said When the time comes for the history of Peacehaven to be wriuen, The Rosemary will be a prominent feature in that history, It was at The Rosemary, that a very young Flora Robson made her first public appearance - this in 1924. Due to the lack of street lighting in those earJier days, events were timed to coincide with a fuJl moon! The Rosemary stood on the south-east corner of Piddinghoe Avenue at its junction with the South Coast Road.

55. One of the few natural attributes of the infant Peacehaven, was the gently rolling grass clifftop promenade. It was fine to live there: walks were abundant, and Charles Neville provided shelters, so that the weary travelIer could sit and enjoy the sea and clifftop views. The official opening of the first such shelter is shown here, about 1924. The promoters also proposed at one time to plant a hedge all along the clifftop promenade, but of course this was totally impractical, owing to the strong south-westerly winds.

56. The town of Peacehaven stretches along one of the windiest spots in England. Situated as it is between Brighton and Newhaven, the winds here can howl for days on end, thus giving the town its bracing and healthy environment! Of course every plus has a minus, and Peacehaven's minus is thatit has few trees. Those that do exist near the coast, are few and far between, and mainly 'threadbare', and all leaning away from the prevailing winds. The many avenues in those early days looked bare and empty - few houses, no made road, no pavement, no trees. The South Co ast Land & Resort Company determined to rectify this situation, and this picture shows one of the Company lorries, laden with saplings about to be taken for planting in various avenues on the estates. Sad to relate, few survived - after just a few months, they succumbed to the salt laden winds and died.

57. As part of the advertising and promotion for the Garden City, Charles Neville arranged to have given away each year as a prize, a free gift house. All purchasers offreehold plots in question, would be eligible to enter the competition. The 'draw' was held annually in Londen, at a prominent hotel, with the country's press in attendance. This stylized gift house is No. 63 Ambleside Avenue in Telscombe Cliffs. Not quite as the picture suggests, being close to the sea and clifftop, but nevertheless it was the result of a draw, and doubtless the lucky winner was more than delighted with the prize.

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