Richmond in old picture postcards volume 1

Richmond in old picture postcards volume 1

:   Leslie P. Wenham
:   Yorkshire, North
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-2267-2
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Richmond in old picture postcards volume 1'

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59. Two remarkable people associated with Riehmond are Henry Jenkins and Frances I'Anson. The farmer died at Ellerton (where he was bom) near Bolton-on-Swale on December 6th, 1670 at the age -sa it was alleged- of one hundred and sixty-nine. He was buried in Bolton-on-Swale ehurehyard where there is a monument to him. There is another inside the ehureh itself: bath were ereeted in 1743. Jenkins must have been bom in, or about, 1500, over thirty years befare parish registers began, While the evidence for his astonishing longevity is admittedly eircumstantial, it is not unconvincing. Same of it is linked with the Arehdeaconry Court of Richmond whieh for centuries was held in Trinity Chapel in the Market Place. Jenkins was ealled as a witness there on more than one occasion.

Frances I'Anson was born in Leybum in 1766 and baptised in Wensley Chureh. For a time she lived with her parents in HilI House in Riehmond. Here she met the eeeentrie Irish poet, playwright, lawyer and politieian Leonard MaeNally whom she eventually married. Riehmond claims that the ballad Sweet Lass of Richmond Hill was written by MacNally at HilI House during their courtship. It was subsequently set to music by Thomas Hook and became very popular at Vauxhall Gardens near Richmond in Surrey, one of the fashionable London meeting places, Both Richmonds claim the 'Lass' as theirs: the Yorkshire Richmond can make out the more convincing claim.

Henry Jenkins

Born at Bol ton-on- wale, near Richmcnd, Yorkshlre, .? in 1~(): die<l at Ellerton-on-Swnle, nnd was buried at Boltöu-on-Swale t.,;ll1lrchyal"·l December 6th, 1670, aged ltJ~.

60. On the outbreak of the Great War in August 1914 Richmond, as an important military centre, was on the alert for possible sabotage. These territorial soldiers are 'guarding' the centre of the Market Place,

61. The character of the Market Place was sadly altered when, first, the houses adjoining the west end of Trinity Chapel were demolished in the 1930's and, secondly, when the Toll Booth was pulled down soon afterwards. Here we see the work in progress on the first of these demolitions. In the Middle Ages Trinity Chapel belonged to St. Mary's Abbey, York. At the dissolution of that Abbey in 1538, the chapel became the property of the Corporation of Richmond who secularised it and allowed houses and shops to be built in and around it. It was only in Queen Arme's reign (1702-1714), when the Roman Catholic community in Richmond tried to obtain it as a place of worship for themselves, that the Church of England became interested in it again, restored it and re-commenced regular services there.

Q<Jeen's Road, Richmond, Yorks


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Tho~ S~nCèr Ricbmcnd

62. Queen's Road from the south in 1910. The small carts, known locally as traps, were the usual means of transport for farmers and their pro duce from a wide area around Richmond. On a Saturday-market day most of the streets in the town had traps parked along them as shown here, The horses were stabied in the many inns which Richmond had at this time. In the 18th century the area in the foreground was called Placendale (probably a corruption of Pleasingdale) presumably because of its attractive character, Among its attractions were gardens, a bowling green and a cockpit. (See also 40.)

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63. This shop, typical of so many in Richmond at the turn of the present century, was at the corner of the Market Place and Friars Wynd. Joseph Whitell the proprietor, a grocer, stands in the doorway. In the extreme left hand corner ean be seen part of the 'tram lines' which linked Messrs. Spence's shop (which was next door to Whitell's) with their warehouses in Friars Wynd (see 39).

64. Frenchgate is one of Richmond's oldest streets and was possibly so-ealled because it linked the pre-Norman settlement (the Hindrelac of Dornesdav Book) with the Cast1e built in 1071. Like so many Richmond streets it retains its medieval cobb1es. Here is shown the west row of Frenchgate about 1870. The shop immediately below the one with the awning was the birthp1ace of John James Fenwiek (1846-1905). He was educated at the Corporation School which used to be in Tower Street. When he 1eft there he was awarded his Scholar's Certificate which still exists. It is headed with the motto, 'Weil begun is half done' and certifies that he could read 'fluently', 'work sums as far as Square Root', that his knowledge of Holy Scripture, Geography and Grammar was 'Good' and that of English Hlstory only 'Fair' while his conduct was 'very good and exemplary', He later removed to Newcastle-upon-Tyne where he built up the shop and emporium which now bears his name and is one of the best known in the north of England. Before he died he started a branch in London which still flourishes.

65. On the western outskirts of Richmond, one and a half miles upstream of the Castie, was an ancient corn water mill, the so-called Whitcliffe Mill. It belonged to the Corporation who Iet it out on long leases. In 1823 it was leased to Henry Cooke, who came from Egglestone near Barnard Castle. He pulled down the corn mill and built a paper mill on the same site. The large house Howe Villa, which he built as his personal residence nearby, still exists. For nearly a century Cooke's mill flourished employing at one time over Hfty men and women. At first the machinery was water-powered from the Swale, later it was steam-powered. This illustration shows the mill at its greatest extent about 1900 when it had two large chimneys. The weir which originally channelled the water into the mill was swept away in a series of floods in the 1930's and 1940's. Nothing of it and very little of the mill itself still remains. In 1829 and again in 1831, during the early years of Cooke's tenancy, this same weir was badly damaged. On both occasions Cooke had to repair it at his own expence. It nearly broke his heart and it speaks well of his courage and tenacity that he persisted in his enterprise.

66. The Red Lion Inn once stood at the corner of Newbiggin and Finkle Street. It was certainly there in 1679 and may have been much oIder. It was re-named the Victoria Hotel in 1897 on the occasion of Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee. It was bumt down on April 1st, 1909: this photograph was taken immediateIy after the Ure. In Newbiggin is a brick archway with the letters C.D. and the date 1896 above it. This was the new entrance built at the rear of the inn to give better access to the stabling by Charles Dowse, the owner at that time. There is now a row of small brick built shops on the site set back somewhat from the previous frontage for, by 1909, road widening to ease traffic congestion was becoming a consideration. Quite a number of Richmond streets have been widened in this way though not so drastically as in many old towns,

67. Richmond Railway Station was opened in 1846. It constituted the terminus of a branch line some ten miles long from Darlington which linked up with the main London-Edinburgh east coast line. The station was most thoughtfully planned so that its pseudo-Gothic exterior did not clash with the medieval character of Richmond. A large scale model of the Station as it was in 1900 is on display in the Richmondshire Museum in Ryder's Wynd. The station was one of the victims of the so-called 'Beeching Cuts'. The ruined buildings on the extreme upper left are the remains of St. Martin's Priory (see 73).

68. This street scene dates to about 1911. The street in the immediate foreground used to be called the Great Channel because until the 18th century it had an open sewer running down the middle of it. The street beyend is Frenchgate and that to the nght Station Road (originally Low Church Wynd) leading down to the Railway Station.

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