St Andrews in old picture postcards

St Andrews in old picture postcards

:   Eric Simpson
:   Fife
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-6668-3
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'St Andrews in old picture postcards'

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19 In this Links view, we can see what well-dressed golfers ware in 192 1. Long belted jackets for bath sexes and plus fours for the men were very mueh in vogue. Golfers

used fewer clubs whieh they carried in narrow open-ar-the-top golf bags (see No. 15 also). Until the 1890s clubs were earried loose, Until a few years before, golf on the Old

Course was free to alL Visitors were first eharged in 1 913, but ratepayers in the town itself paid na fees unti11945. Not everyone even in St Andrews taak the game seriously. Same

would have sympathized with ].R. Allan who taak lightly 'a game that calls for so much seriousness in hitting a ball over waste ground.'

20 Nevertheless, bath directly and also indirectly, as we see from this early 1920s advertisement, the golfing industry was a souree of considerable profit to St Andrews. But there was na golf then on Sundays. In 1948, after a plebiscite, the Town Council sanctioned Sunday golf on the Eden course. Since permission was granted only for the peak holiday months of July, August and September, it is clear this was an attempt, a very limited one, to respond to the needs of visitors, Local hotellers and boarding-house keepers pressed for an exrension and two years later all-the-year-round play

was permitted, but still for only the one course. The arguments against included the usual Sabbatarian ones and the fact that large numbers of the citizens perambulated on the Links each Sunday.


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21 The Ladies' Golf Club was formed in 1867 and a miniature course for 'small golf' laid out on the Himalayas - a bumpy stretch of the links once used as a bleaching green. In time the main hazards were removed and the course became, in essence, a rather hilly putting green. A 1909 Official Guide relates:

'On week-day afternoons there is aften a picturesque scene in front ofthe Ladies' Pavilion. Here the elite and culture of the neighbourhood gather. Retired military officers, University dons, and reputed Yankee millionaires come and play with the handsomely -gowned

members, indulge in a little mild flirtation, at which they are adept, or drink tea on the verandah.' While they retain their own private club with regular competitions, the

ladies of the renamed Ladies' Putting Club do open the course to the wider public.

22 In time, women, from the midclle and upper classes, sought to break into real golf despite many obstacles. Other clubs for ladies were founded, the St. Rule and St. Regulus. The Royal and Ancient was, and remains, a masculine bastion with currently 2,000 membersall male, of course. When the Scottish ladies could hold their own charnpionship in 1903, that was clearly a sign of the times. Yetin 1913,whensuffragettes were striking at male privilege by cutting up golf course greens,

a St Andrews newspaper columnist could suggest, hopefully tongue in cheek,

that any such local offenders be ducked in the Witch Lake or suffer six months solitary in the Battle Dungeon.

23 When in 1913 proposals were made to lay out a putting green on the Bruce embankment, there was some opposition.

A correspondent to the Citizen complained that

this plan would mean that the pierrots would be displaced. The majority of the population, he asserted, were in favour of the 'merry pierrots' who were 'a decided boon to St Andrews.' But the Town Council went ahead and in the following year the course was ready for play. By 192 5 there were three courses on the Bruce Embankment, one at Kinburn and that same year the East Bents green was ready for play. This sport has now

declined in popularity and currently there is na putting on the Bruce Embankment, the ground having been used for other purposes at the time of the year 2000 Open Championship.

24 When in 1852 a branch railway line was opened between Leuchars and St Andrews, the burgh became a popular destination for tourists of all classes. As we see from this notice for a 1853 rail excursion organized by the Total Abstinence Society of Kirkcaldy, tourists could visit free of charge a nurnber of'highly interesting' places in St Andrews, Apart from the obvious historie sites, the excursionists eould be admitted to Madras College and 'the beautiful and interesting garden' ofProvost Playfair. This latter was then one of the must-be-seen sights of the town. Not everyone,

though, approved of the provost's creation. Lord Cockburn rather erabbily eriticised 'the ehildish and elaborate gimeraeks that deform the garden.'




25 This and the succeeding photograph was taken in 1967 eighty years after StAndrews (New) Railway Station had been opened. That year, 1887, the town was connected to the East Neuk line which thus linked St Andrews to the east coast burghs and villages and more importantly greatly increased the flow of summer vi sitars from Edinburgh and, after the opening of the Forth Railway Bridge in 1890, from Glasgow and the west as well. The East Neuk line was closed in September 1965, which left only the short branch line to Leuchars. The town station, which had been wen used

until the Tay Raad Bridge was completed in 1966, was reduced to unstaffed status in 1967 not lang after this photograph was taken.

(Photograph: courtesy of John Hume.)



26 In 1967 the line was served, as we see here, by twin-unit diesel multiple trains (DMUS) . Ta return to Leuchars the driver just had to change ends. In this photo we are looking north: note the bus station on the right. On the far side of the west embankment award-winning flower beds were once cultivated. Passenger train services from this station, which in its heyday boasted two bookstalls, were withdrawn on 6 ]anuary 1969. In Iuly 1972 the Town Council decided that the station buildings be demolished and the site utilized as a car park. The track was filled in to plat-

form level. Pillars in the west-side dyke mark the access point from the Kinburn direction.

(Photograph: courtesy of john Hurne.)

27 Continental hotelier Iohann Wilhelm Christof Rusaek opened Rusacks Marine Hotel in 1887. This enterprising proprietor catered not just for summer visitors but also for winter

guests by providing a reduced tariff and ensuring that the building was 'thoroughly warmed and kept at equal temperature.' The title of Marine Hotel was justified by offering

hot and cold baths. As with sirnilar establishments, the hetel's own horse-drawn bus attended all trains. Over the years it has played host to many notabilities including many

world-famous golfers and indeed the hotel was reeently remodelled 'to refleet the history of golf.'

28 The Grand Hotel, opened in 1895, was in its heyday patronized by royalty and the upper echelons of society. Run down, after being requisitioned for military use during the Second World War, it was put on the market. The Roman Catholic Church wanted to buy it to use it as a Teachers' Training College. But this was the town where Iohn Knox had preached the Reformation and a hostile petition containing 3,000 signatures was presented to the Town Council. The University stepped in with a proposal to buy the hotel to convert it into a students' hostel. Again there were objec-

tions, this time from the Hotelkeepers' and Boarding-House Keepers Association. This change of use, they feared, would be to the detriment of the burgh's development as a

holiday centre. St Andrews University won the battle, and this once 'grand' establishment became a students' hall of residence, Hamilton Hall.


Telephone ~o 116



fe'eohou !'ID. 17ö


This Splendid Hotel, the most modern and best equipped, occupies the flnest site in St. Andrews, adjoinin~ the Royal and Ancient Golf Club House and overlookin&" the Links and Bay.

Apply: The Man~er.

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