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58. Black Soldiers, Milton Road, 1918. The same view as picture 57 showing Negro American soldiers marching to work at the Swanscombe Cement Factory. Swanscombe Cement Works lost vast numbers of its workforce to the army and navy - these were replaced by wamen and by black American troops who loaded cement required by theAmerican forces for the war effort. Until this time non-white faces were almast unknown and after 1918 the black Americans lef I. During the 1920s and 1930s an occasional Indian visited Swanscombe selling silks and other goods from a suitcase. It has only been since the 197 Os that larger numbers of ethnic minorities have lived in Swanscombe.

59. Fire Brigade in carnival, Milton Road, Swanscombe circa 1929. The photograph was taken at almost the same point as the previous two photographs and is part of the Gravesend and North Kent Hospital Carnival- a time of great community involvement in raising money essential for the hospital's maintenance. Swanscombe sent its patients to the hospital at Gravesend, rather than Dartford. The first fire engine was the horse-drawn marmal pump purchased around 1903. Behind it appears to be the Garfield converted vehicle used by the fire brigade in the 1920s until replaced in 1930.The horse-drawn engine was only used on occasions such as this and its replacement was a Fiat vehicle, which appears to have retained the hand pump equipment from the horse-drawn engine.The fiat was sold to Hoo St.Werburgh Parish Council as their fire engine in 1930 for El O.

60. View from the rear of Milton Road. This picture looks south towards St. Peter and St. Paul's Church. The ramshackled sheds and outbuildings in the foreground are from houses in Milton Road. The field behind was still under cultivation and shows the site of Lewis, Ames, Moore, Broad and Gunn roads and so predates the first of the above streets (Ames Road), which had been completed by 1929. Another missing feature is the Swanscombe Recreation Ground, the site of which appears to be the ground ofSwanscombe United Football Club. This gives an excellent impression ofhow what is now one large area ofhousing, originally grew piecemeal in the interwar years, covering the rural nature ofSwanscombe.

61. Milton Street, Swanscombe circa 1909. A view looking south-west. On the right stand the Victorian houses known as 'Pustwell Villas' (dated 1898) with Victorian terraeed houses on bath sides of me raad dating from the 1890s and early 1900s. The houses on the right were all destroyed on 27th February 1945 (V2 rocket), killing eight people and injuring 48 - only one house survived. The street is still mud but gas lamp-posts show the increasing urbanisation of the area. The white house in me centre of this picture is the Swanscombe Consolidated Almshouse Charity which has its origins in numerous sixteenth- to nineteenth-century parish bequests for the paar which were amalgamated to create mis dwelling for four paar people. The house was opened in 1911 and was subsequently refurbished in 1980. The final house is a thatched Kentish weatherboard house of the late seventeenth or eighteenth century and consists of two dwellings. Buildings such as these were very cornmon in most local villages but they were seen as 'slums' and lacking in modern amenities - especially after me 1920s, when they were mercilessly demolished by local authorities. The last of these types of cottages in Swanscombe were dernolished in November 1971.

62. Thatch Cottage, Milton Street. A closer look at the two Kentish weatherboard cottages, seen in the previous picture. In the background can be seen Milton Street snaking its way towards Manor Road andAlkerden Lane. The Woodman public house can just be seen behind, which closed 1913-1914. As mentioned the last of these types of cottages survived until 1971 when, with the usual complete absence of imagination by the planners, they were demolished. The open country seen in the background of this picture is now covered with housing such as Alamein Road, built in the later 1940s, and Child's Crescent, Wallace Gardens and Wright Close, built in the 19 SOs. Behind the cottages are apple orchards with a notice warning against trespassing as' gin rraps' await thieves.

63. Craylands Lane, Swanscornbe circa] 902. A view looking north from the junction with Milton Street. The pub on the right side (at end of row of cottages) was the Rising Sun - the only survivor of three public houses along this road (see picture 64). On the left is a Victarian detached house, which stood on the site of a farmer farm yard, which had barns and a hop kiln in the ] 860s. During the ] 930s it was used by Stone Court Ballast Cornpany, but it is now demolished. The barn further along is the last survival of the farmyard of Crown Farm and behind the barn was one of the many allotments in Swanscombe. The present-dav Swanscombe Centre (which includes the Swanscombe & GreenhitheTown Council offices) was opened in] 989 on a site to the left of the cart shown in the picture.

64. CalvaryTerrace, Craylands Lane, Swanscombe circa 1905. Craylands Lane is an ancient road linking the hamlet of Milton Street with the main Gravesend to Dartford road (A226) at Swanscombe Cross, directly opposite to the main entrance to the CementWorks. This area was developed by the needs of the cement workers and the houses dated from the 1850s and 1860s. It was developed into a little community with 3 public houses two are shown here. On the extreme left is the Coopers Arms (known local!y as the 'Bottorn House'). The large building on the right of the picture (next to the al!eyway) was the North Kent (known as the 'Middle House') and beyond that, towards Milton

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