Up Holland in old picture postcards volume 1

Up Holland in old picture postcards volume 1

:   Dr. Allan Miller
:   Lancashire
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-6226-5
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

Levertijd: 2 - 3 werkdagen (onder voorbehoud). Het getoonde omslag kan afwijken.


Fragmenten uit het boek 'Up Holland in old picture postcards volume 1'

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69 Anglicans were wel] served by schools in the surrounding hamlets. The mixed school at Holland Moor was enlarged several times sa that it could teach nearly two hundred children by 1912. Similar 'National' schools at Digmoor, Crawford and Roby Mill were capable of educating over 1 50 pupils. It was a constant struggle for the Church to finance the rnaintenance and running of the schools. The schools faced other problems; in 1890 a measles epidemie 'kept more than half the infants at home'. But it was aften a successful battle recognised by the government school inspeetors as in 1 895, when Holland Moor received a 'very gratifying' re-

port in spite of the sickness that had kept many children away from school for long periods.

70 Pimbo Lane station, renamed Up Holland station at the beginning of the 20th century, was just to the west of the 959 yards long tunnel which taak the Lancashire andYorkshire railway through the Ashurst - Billinge ridge. The line carried freight and passengers between Merseyside andYorkshire with a good 10cal service to Wigan and Liverpool. In 1 889 there were eleven trains each day to Wigan (four on Sunday) and thirteen trains from Wigan stopped at Up Holland (four on Sunday). Passengers requiring the fast mid-morning service from Wigan to Liverpool were advised to arrive at nearby Orrell Station: 'Notice should be given to the station

master or booking clerk, and the express will be stopped.' Up Holland was also served by Appley Bridge station on the West Lancashire, Preston and Southport line.

71 The Railway Hotel in Pimbo Lane occupied a prime site opposite Up Holland station. Despite early problems of drunken behaviour and out-of-hours drinking, the hotel was popular with railway passengers and local workers. In 1887 a ploughing match was held near the station; after the contest the participants enjoyed refreshments at the hotel. The Railway Company played an active role in the community. In 1902 stationmaster Smith provided a programme of entertainment for the annual tea party at Crawford. In the following year it made a con tribution of ;E25 to Up Holland

Parish Church for the extension of the graveyard and the repair of the tower.

72 Roby Mill was a quiet hamlet and to some extent self-contained. Forshaw Brathers were high class grocers and bakers - 'Hovis bread a speciality'. In addition to essential food, the locals were weil served by public houses. The Fox Inn, Bath Springs, Star Inn and Millstone Inn could all supply refreshments and drink. Roby Mill also had its own chutehes and schools. In 1 875 Father Doon opened a school in Roby Mill which became 'a natural centre of Catholle activity'. In the 19th century government inspectors criticised the Anglican school at Roby Mill fora want of thoroughness'. In 1895 a tea party was arranged to induce the inhabitants of

that part of the parish, especiaJly the many farmers, 'to take a greater interest in the welfare of the school' .

73 Befare much of Tontine was demolished to make way for the M5 8 motorway, the landscape was dominated by the chimney of Sandbrook Mill. The mill was erected in 1862 taking advantage of a good local supply of water and the adjacentWigan-liverpool railway line. The rwostoreyed stone building, property ofWiddows. cotton spinner and rnanufacturer, employed about 140 workers when it was gutted by fire in 1881. It was rebuilt and continued in operation well into the 20th century; successive generations oflocal warnen worked at the mill. At the same time most local men worked in the coal mines; a Commercial Directory of

1926 listed nearly half of the residents of Tontine as colliers. Others worked at the Lawns Brick and Terra Cotta Company off Sandbrook Road and at the water works in the hamlet.

74 Up Holland was regularly hit by measles, scarlet fever, typhoid, whooping cough, diarrhoea and ringworm. Many outbreaks were caused by polluted water supplies. The water works at Tontine supplied Up Holland for many years. The importance of water was recognised in the medical officers' reports; they aften complained that water was 'stopped' or 'failed' or was not fit for human consumption. They were partienlady conc

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