Viewpark and District in old picture postcards

Viewpark and District in old picture postcards

:   Michael McPhilips
:   Strathclyde
:   United Kingdom
:   978-90-288-2378-5
:   80
:   EUR 16.95 Incl BTW *

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Fragmenten uit het boek 'Viewpark and District in old picture postcards'

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The Wind of Change

The old rowan tree stands na more in its place a factory

once it stood like a giant guarding all our rural ways now it is just a memory

a leaf in time

crushed by the modern plough childhood days come back to me memories of a bygone age

of winding streets and cottages laughter filled tenements where are they now

gone alas

the wind of change has had its way.

M. McPhillips 10.4.1983

In 1840 according to the statistica1 account, Viewpark consisted of a number of large mansion houses and farms, and the houses of retainers on these estates and farms. The leading mansion and estate would be that of the 'Douglas Support'. The main avenue of which joins Old Edinburgh Road at Bothwell Park, and occupied by 'The Sholto Douglas Family'. The area is bounded on the north and west by the North Calder Waters.

The Douglas family lived and resided at 'Douglas House', a mansion house of flemish design and style and stands on the ground of their estate, which was quite near to the North Ca1der River. Lady Violet Paget before her rnarriage was a Lady-in-Waiting to the late Queen Victoria, and after her

marriage many famous people were to visit them during their residence at Deuglas House, including members of the Royal Family. To mark these occasions a number of trees were planted by these famous visitors along the avenue leading to the Douglas Support mansion, placed beside them were inscription stones, One in particular which read: This lime tree /52 ft. high and 810 tons in weight I after 5 years preparation / was moved 360 yards / and planted by HRH Princess Mary Adelaid, I Duchess of Teek /4th. Oct 1895.

During my course of research I wrote to Her Majesty The Queen Mother and received informative reply, part of which read: The Queen Mother was interested to read of your research work for a baak entitled 'Viewpark in O/d Picture Postcards' and was partîcularly interested in the inscription you found on a stone. I was most interested to be informed that the late Grand Duchess of Teck was the mother of QueenMary.

Among other illustrious visitors was Sir Winston Churchill and his fiancee, Lady Clementine Hozier, who was later to become his wife. Lady Hozier, a1though born in London, was a descendent of the Hozier family who owned a large estate on the west side of Viewpark. They resided at Tannochside House; one of her uncles was born there. The Hozier's forebearers came from Stirlingshire to Glasgow at the close of the seventeenth century. They were soon to establish themselves in the courttry's affairs of state and society.

In 1840 the industrial change came to the District overnight when the rust pit, known as Newlands Colliery, was was owned by John Reid, a merchant, who was weIl known by his nickname 'Nackerty Joek'. Within ten years he was to sink two more pits known as Nackerty Collieries 3 and 4. Around this time more collieries were sunk at Tannochside,

Rosehall, Bothwell Park, and many ethers. As an old era was fading a new one was beginning, little red bricked houses, known as miners' rows, began to spring to life to accornrnodate the colliery workers and their families. The majority were close to the pits where they worked.

Cornmunities were established and schools and churches were set up. Aitkenhead Works School, which formed part of Nackerty Rows, was later followed by Tannochside School, which opened in 1878, and St. Johns R.C. in Uddingston, which opened in 1883. Bothwellpark School was opened in 1911, St. Brides R.C. in Bothwell and BellshilI Aeademy were other seats of learning for the children of the area. Also Muiredge School in Uddingston.

Different aspects of sport were also introdueed, football, cricket, bowling etc. Many of these cornmunities had their own football teams.

In these little red bricked houses blossomed a close kinship which saw the different communities raise their families with courage and cheerfulness through the good and lean years, As the coal boom continued, it was not without cost not only in lives, but the surrounding countryside as huge coal bings marred the lovely countryside.

In 1882 a coal mine was sunk by Messrs. Dixon Ltd. in the outer district at Blantyre. Five years later, on the morning of October 22nd, there followed one of the worst disasters in mining history when an explosion occurred underground. There it is estimated that over two hundred men lost their lives. In 1929 another event occurred in Blantyre, this time on a cheerful note, when the houses at Shuttle Row, which was the birthplaee of the famous Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone, were opened to the public as a museum and tourist eentre by the David Livingstone Trust.

These houses in earlier times had been used to accommodate the workers at the Blantyre Cotton Spinning Works and were founded by the well known Glasgow business man David Dale, the social reformer.

Across the River Clyde from Blantyre down through the Douglas estate past Bothwell Castle which is the noblest and most extensive ruin of a feudal eastle to be found in Scotland. The eastle and estate have been in the hands of the noble seat of Douglas for centuries. A Yz mile west from the eastle lies the little village of Uddingston which in mediaeval times was a retainers quarter of the ancient barony of Bothwell. Uddingston and Viewpark has shared a kindred spirit for many years and featured in my late father's book 'Doon the hilI and up the hill',

The blackening milI on the banks of the North Calder River in Viewpark district also goes back to mediaeval days and onee separated the parishes of Monklands and Bothwell when the barons of Bothwell were in power. It was a meal milI at one time and was powered by the waters of the River Calder. Later its use was put to the production of moulders powder, henee the name the Blackening MilI.

The Old Monklands Parish Church in the outer district was built in 1799 upon the ruins of an old monastery, which was founded in the year 1170. And like St. Brides Church at Bothwell, many people who have played a part in the early districts history lie at rest in its grounds.

Alas my introduetion space is lirnited, but we ean look back on some of these times in the picture formed pages that follow.

1. 1746. A military map of the District by General William Ray,

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2. A photograph of the early Coat of Arms of the Douglases of Bothwell. The man with a club in his hand indicates a supporter of the Douglas Clan. The Duchess Margaret Douglas of Mains formed the Douglas Support Estate in Viewpark and the outer District of Coatbridge. She also indicated that all heirs succeeding to this estate should carry the Douglas Coat of Arms and those of Main, which was a woman trampling a snake under her feet while supporting a small child in her arms crowned with a laurel.

3. The Douglas Support Mansion House stands a short distance from the North Calder River. It was designed of flemish style of architecture and the older portion of the house goes back to ancient times. When the industrial change came to the District of Viewpark, a honeycomb of mineshafts ran through the estate, One ran under the Mansion House thus causing the foundations of the house to sink. It was demolished soon after this discovery.

4. This inscription stone was laid to honour the occasion when H.R.H. Princess Mary Adelaid, Duchess of Teek, planted a tree on the side of the avenue leading to the Douglas Mansion House. It reads:

This lime tree

52 ft. high and 810 tons in weight after 5 y ears preparation

was moved 360 yards

and planted by HRH Princess Mary Adelaid

Duchess of Teek

4th. Oct 1895.

Many illustrious people were to visit the estate of the Douglas Support including Sir Winston Churchill and his fiancee Lady Clementine Hozier. At one time fourteen presention inscription stones lined the avenue to the Douglas Mansion House.

5. In 1892 a beautifullitt1e house was built on the Sho1to Douglas Estate. It was known to many local people as the Dolls House. This is a close up photograph of the little house's foundation stone with the Douglas inscription and date.

6. This little bridge, which spans the River Calder, was built by a member of the Douglas family. It was later repaired in 1903.

7. One of the many avenues that led to Douglas House.

8. Gamekeepers cottage on the Douglas Support Estate, known as Sangsters Cottage.

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